(TRFW News) Vegan and vegetarian diets are the recommended dietary choices for longevity and heart health. A low-fat whole foods, plant-based diet is now enthusiastically suggested for those managing or trying to prevent diabetes. (1,2)
Recent research has found that most any form of a vegetarian diet, vegan or not, lowers adult mortality. The key for longer life is to eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and low amounts of animal products. (3)
What Does the Research Say Specifically?
Researchers at Loma Linda University explored the relationship between dietary patterns and mortality rates among men and women of the Seventh-day Adventist church in both Canada and the United States. Between 2002 and 2007, over 73,000 people ages twenty-five and older were asked to record their normal day to day food intake. (3)
Almost 50% of the subjects were meat eaters who consumed red meat, poultry, milk, fish, and eggs several times a week. Only 8% of the group were vegan, while 29% of the group were lacto-ovo vegetarians. Lacto-ovo-vegetarians eat eggs and/or dairy products, but no flesh (or less than once a month). Ten percent of the group were pesco-vegetarians who ate fish, milk, and eggs, but no meat or poultry. Five percent classified themselves as semi-vegetarians, eating meat, poultry, and fish less than once per week. (3)
Over the six years study, approximately 2,570 deaths occurred. Those who ate some form of a vegetarian or vegan diet were 12% less likely to die. Death rates for all subgroups who ate less animal products and who regularly ate a version of a vegetarian diet, had a 12% reduced risk of dying earlier than those eating more animal products. (3)
The study was documented in the NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI), and appeared online on June 3, 2013, in JAMA Internal Medicine. (3)